Places of Interest in Brno
You can find the city of Brno in the very heart of Europe. Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic (Prague being the largest), with nearly 400 000 inhabitants. Brno lies in a pleasant hollow at the crossroads of the European highways. Brno has at its disposal an international airport, and is rightly considered an important rail junction.
The history of Brno dates back to the 9th century. The Czech King Wenceslas I confirmed basic city rights and privileges to the city in the year 1243. After the successful defence of the city against Sweden in the period of the Thirty Years War, Brno has become the capital of Moravia. Manufacturing and prospering commerce established the pre-requisite for the expansion of the city, which is evident in particular by the development of church buildings, from the Cistercian monastery in Old Brno to St. Peter's Cathedral and St. James' Church. The latter was finished to its current majesty by the architect of Saint Stephen's Cathedral (Stephansdom) in Vienna, Anton Pilgram, who also gave the Old Town Hall portal its unique shape.
Notable people have worked in the city: the including composers Leos Janacek, and Erich W. Korngold (twice Oscar-winning music composer) were born here; mathematician and philosopher Kurt Gődel; world famous physicist Ernst Mach; W.A. Mozart as well as Bedrich Smetana lived and gave concerts in Brno at some time.
Brno is the capital city of the South-Moravia region; it is the seat of the Code of Administrative Justice, the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic, the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic and the Supreme Public Prosecutor's Office of the Czech Republic.
Brno is also the city with the highest number of universities. There are currently 6 universities with 27 faculties. The most well-known is Masaryk University, Brno.
Places of interest in Brno
For over seven centuries, Špilberk Castle has dominated the skyline of Brno, a reminder of the safety and protection it provided. However, there have been times in the history of Brno when the fortress inspired fear, and represented oppression for the citizens of the city.
The towers of Petrov are 92 yards (84 metre) high. The interior is in the baroque movement. The exterior is Gothic. Two towers were build in 1904-1905 by famous the architect – Augustus Kirstein. Above the main entrance there is written a quotation from Matous evangelium. It says something like: "Come here everybody who is toiling, I will refresh you. Your soul will find peace."
The Villa of Greta and Fritz Tugendhat from the years 1929-1930, designed by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, is an installed monument to Modernist architecture. It is the only exemplar of Modern architecture in the Czech Republic recorded on the UNESCO List of World Cultural Heritage.
Gregor Johann Mendel, the Father of Genetics, was born in 1822 in a small agrarian town in Czechoslovakia or The Austro-Hungarian Empire (now the Czech Republic). In 1843 he entered an Augustinian monastery in Brno, where his natural interest in science and specifically hereditary science led him to start his experiments with the pea plant. It is his work with the pea plant in Brno monastery that changed the world of science forever.
Places of interest out of Brno
Veveri Castle (Czech: Hrad Veveří, German: Burg Eichhorn) is a castle located some 15 km northwest of Brno, Czech Republic, on the Svratka River.
According to legend, the castle Veveří ("squirrel" in Czech) was founded by Přemyslid Duke Conrad of Brno in the middle of the 11th Century, then only as a hunting lodge. Nevertheless, the first credible recorded mention about the castle is from the years 1213 and 1222, when King Přemysl Otakar I used the fortified castle as a prison for rebellious peers. Initially, it was apparently a wooden residence situated near the church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary west of the present compound. In the 1220s a stone castle on the extremity of the rocky promontory behind a deep moat cut out of the rock started to grow. The so-called keep is the only structure which has remained well-preserved from this oldest building stage.
Moravian Karst is one of the most important karst area of Central Europe. In the area of Moravian Karst, there are more than 1100 caverns and gorges. But only 4 caves of the total number are open to the public. There are Punkvevní jeskyně (Punkva Caves) with their underground river – during the cruise you can see the bottom of the famous Macocha Abyss. Another cave is Kateřinská jeskyně (Catherine’s Cave) with its unique limestone columns. The Balcarka Cave is full of colorful stalactitic decoration. Sloupsko-šošůvské jeskyně (Sloup-Šošůvka Caves) feature huge corridors and underground gorges.
The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape is spread over the site of a mighty 12th century border castle. Today it is the home of a romantic château, a picturesque village and in particular a jewel of landscape architecture of unprecedented proportions. The notional milestone at the beginning of the long period of development of this whole area is the end of the 14th century, when the Liechtenstein family obtained a share of the land. The current area, measuring almost 300 km2, is the result of landscaping based on English parks, and thanks to this baroque architecture meets the neo-gothic château and small follies in the romantic style. The Ledice-Valtice Cultural Landscape, as one of the treasures of UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage, was inscribed in its list in 1996.