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Prof. Jaro Krivohlavy

Present state of the psychological studies of happiness and subjective satisfaction

The affective states called happiness, life satistfaction, subjective or psychological well-being etc.  are the topic of enormous amount of psychological studies in the last 20 years in the whole world. The emergence of the diagnostical methods of the type of PANAS, SWLS, PERMA or of the Experience Sampling Method are examples of this activity.
Enormous amount of activities are directed to the horizontal type of happinesss – the sensory   or hedonic art of satisfaction. The positive and negative influence of interpersonal relations, marital or family state, age, work,  free time activivites, of the amount of money at disposal and personality are systematically studied.
Contemporary psychological studies pay in the last decades more attention  to the vertical  concept of happiness, which pays attention  to the aims, targets and meaningfulness of the ativities and quality of the happiness experience – see e.g. the concept of authentic  happiness, flow, flourish etc. The classic philosophical concept of happines of the non-hedonic art is targeted in this way.
These studies of the vertical or qualitative concept of happiness bring a hopeful perspective and  stimulate hope for the future.